Making it easy for them to fill out was a priority, so an email makes it super simple to do. You might want totally different information from your clients! 5 out of 5 stars (225) 225 reviews $ 6.99. *Why* are you sending them a questionnaire? When creating a great experience for your clients as a wedding photographer, questionnaires are such a great way to get the information you are seeking from your client, and KEEP the information that you client gives you. I am so excited for our session together! This one is setting expectations; we might not get it all PERFECT, but then I know which “sure thing” to try the most times in multiple settings etc. Thank you for taking the time to fill out this form. Client Questionnaire. Site powered by Fresh Coast Marketing Design and SEO by Mountain Town Marketing, LLC Professional Food Photography By Priscilla Martinez A simple questionnaire for your private chef in Breckenridge. CLIENT QUESTIONNAIRE. Check out our over 700+ written tutorials that cover every topic of photography. Thank you! Your answers will help me in making this the best possible experience for you and your family! Home About Portfolio Families Wedding Engagement & Couples Bumps & Babes Newborns Seniors Client Galleries Contact Client Questionnaire Hey hey! If you could pick one word that describes you as a couple, what would it be? And the great thing about using a client questionnaire is it can be easily adapted and customized to your unique business style. Photography questionnaires are most important for both of client and photographer. This lessens the clients’ task and would add a proof of value I have for my clients. It’s actually quite easy to do. I’m excited to share the Photo Session Questionnaire I give to my clients when they book the custom session. Small Business Obtaining Financing Entrepreneurship 101 Basics Freelancing & … (albums, digital files, canvases, etc.). Maybe the length is the most important thing? Bride & Groom Wedding Questionnaire - Pre Wedding Client Questionnaire - Wedding Photographer Questionnaire - PSD Template Instant Download BowTieCollaborative. What is documentary family photography or family photojournalism? From shop MeadowPrint. Join today and get instant access! It’s something better to know in advance than trying to pull it together on location. I have had a photography business, Lisa J Photography, for seven years focusing on family and children. What do you like to do together? Our questionnaire is about getting to know who they are, their personalities, and how we can plan a session that will capture that. Use this info to get genuine smiles and expressions later on. I let them know that I’ll be sending the images to them after the wedding day and that I can’t wait to work with them. © 2021 Cole's Classroom. It reminds people you are not just a person with a camera, you are a business, have goals, and care about their needs/wants. Welcome to Brionna Lyn Photography! C. Grey's Photography is your source for social media photography and more! This can also help you start a dialogue with your client and build a connection. I’m downright obsessed with photography, and love sharing it with super cool folks like yourself. The more information you provide, the better I will be able to capture & deliver a session that you adore! Share with us in the comments! Send them your marketing material and welcome […]. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. A wedding photography questionnaire is a list of questions concerning the information about a wedding photoshoot and ceremony that is sent by a photographer to his/her clients. 7 of the Best Questions to Ask Photography Clients 1. This questionnaire helps to know the process of how client wanted to complete this work. Headshots Focus of the photograph is a person's face. The Balance Small Business Menu Go. Client Questionnaire Getting to know you! What do you love most about your partner? So, what’s the big secret about an effective client questionnaire? From Lightroom to Photoshop, we’ll have you editing photos like a pro. 208.869.9525 Mon - Thurs / 9am - 4pm 3421 E Plympton Drive Meridian, ID 83642 Tell us about yourselves. Client Questionnaire. A client questionnaire is a valuable tool to not only establish a good client relationship, but lead a great photography session. It reminds people you are not just a person with a camera, you are a business, have goals, and care about their needs/wants. If you have any questions just ask! Many unhappy and dissatisfied photography clients could be prevented with simply communication from the beginning. I misinterpreted what the client wanted and the client got a little heated over it. Subscribe to our newsletter and learn how to take awesome photos, and get tons of free stuff to make it faster, and easier! This is an obvious one; but it also might clue you in if there are going to be extra people at the session, pets etc. A complete and helpful form you can use as questionnaire to your clients before setting up a family photograph session. Here I will added some questionnaire for you-1. Give a positive first impression with your senior clients leading up to their photo session with professionally-designed, elegant business forms. Client Questionnaire. - Wedding Photography Client Questionnaire - If you’ve made it this far, chances are pretty high that you have: a) fallen ridiculously in love and are getting married sometime relatively soon b) chosen Michelle Peters Photography to capture your special day We’re really excited about both of these things! Do you want to know what questions you should ask your wedding photography clients? We have received your message and will contact you shortly. ), traveling, and hanging out with wonderful people. Privacy Policy GALLERIES. Please take time to answer the following questions to make sure your wedding photography needs are served flawlessly. Client Questionnaire. With their answers you can: Get to know who they are and what they’re all about What they’re looking for from you Photo Shoot Client Questionnaire FREE. ONLY reserved seats will gain access to the room! The below questionnaire will take you about 10 minutes to complete, but it will help us design the perfect portrait session for you that will not only exceed your expectations, but create beautiful imagery that you will treasure for a lifetime. 2. 5 out of 5 stars (163) 163 reviews $ 12.00. Valuable information for follow up marketing – birthday discounts or custom mini sessions. What are your hobbies? It’s Photo Tip Tuesday! If you need help coordinating I can send you ideas. You’ll probably fall in love with their awesomness, and can’t wait to meet them! Your Name * Spouse or Partner's Name. Your answers will help me in making this the best possible experience for you and your family! Or when you send it? Tell us about why you decided to have your portraits taken: When was the last time you had your portraits taken? Powered by Squarespace. 615-330-6503. WEDDING PHOTOGRAPHY QUESTIONNAIRE No two weddings are the same. Click here to watch the FREE video taken from our course, Essential Photography Business Lessons! (Please no stark white outfits unless we have previously discussed.) Break the Ice. Subscribe to our newsletter and learn how to take awesome photos, and get tons of free stuff to make it faster, and easier! I’m going to share one of the questionnaires I send out to our clients when they book us to shoot their portraits. If they’re all about wall prints, you’ll have to make sure to get some epic shots that will look great nice and big on the wall. Client Questionnaire. Or if they hate images that no one is looking at the camera then I just won’t waste the efforts. Making it easy to fill out? Site powered by Fresh Coast Marketing Design and SEO by Mountain Town Marketing, LLC Professional Food Photography By Priscilla Martinez Will travel to Seattle as well. The more we understand our clients, the better the experience we can give them. Start here! […] it like a paid session! This is very valuable business information. Business-related tips & training to get you on the track to success. Photographer Services. Client Questionnaire. You can find out what friend is spreading the word or what marketing is bringing in new clients. Client Questionnaire — Kelly Jacobi Photography: Wisconsin Photographer serving Wausau, Milwaukee, Madison, Door County, Minocqua, and beyond! If you deliver what your clients want and know what that is up front, you’re going to have happier clients, fewer problem clients, and better word-of-mouth advertising. Photography Tips to Make Ugly Locations Look Amazing! Whatever your reasons, you need to have those figured out first, and then create the questions that will give you the answers you’re looking for! Is it choosing the perfect questions? By this template, you can ask them about their likes, dreams, social media usage, and their feelings about the photoshoot session. I'm lucky to call the panhandle of Florida home, with sandy white beaches and turquoise water oh so close. All you need is a great questionnaire! By asking these questions on your boudoir questionnaire, not only are you getting your building excitement by getting your client to start brainstorming for their session but you’re building trust by getting the chance to give feedback to your client so they can have a successful shoot. Imagine feeling like your clients are old friends, and knowing exactly how to plan an amazing photo shoot experience for them. Professional portrait, wedding, newborn and fine art photographer in Moses Lake, Washington and surrounding areas When I’m not shooting, or writing, you can find me cooking (and eating! Agree to our Studio Policies. Pre-Session Questionnaire Please Contact Me for availability prior to filling out this form. Welcome to Jaclyn Efird Photography! As a photographer, you need to be organised and have your wedding photography client questionnaire prepped weeks in advance. Check out our resources for “how to” edit, pose, shoot, etc! But it gives me a feel if I should bother to try some out of the box creative things or just keep it traditional. All you need are a few pieces of gear to start taking stunning images! Senior Questionnaire I am very excited that you have asked me to photograph such a big moment in your life. I have a few questions to ask before the session begins. I am thrilled at the opportunity to photograph you and your family. A simple questionnaire for your private chef in Breckenridge. This one is pretty self-explanatory. Client Questionnaire. Client Questionnaire Hey hey! So, with all that said, here’s the big idea. Serving the Pacific Northwest, including Spokane, Chewelah, Colville, Kettle Falls, Republic, and Oroville Washington. Your answers will better help us to meet your needs and ensure that you have a happy and satisfying experience. Cole’s Classroom’s treasure trove of comprehensive photography courses! I am a wife to an awesome man. When I meet my couples at a … These questions are a great blue print to help find out more about your clients and their photographic goals. Your Blueprint for a Successful Photography Session: Using a Client Questionnaire A client questionnaire is a valuable tool to not only establish a good client relationship, but lead a great photography session. Client Questionnaire Menu. In this guide, we’ll share 11 questions wedding photographers should ask clients before the wedding ceremony shoot. It's an emerging genre that is unscripted and unposed. Want More Photography Clients?Click Here to Take One of Our FREE Classes! (This questionnaire is for a couple. And, if there does happen to be any confusion, it is cleared up well before you even snap a photo. Client Questionnaire. 4 PM - 7 PM Weekdays. Download them now! Welcome To Magdelena’s Photography. One of the best ways I can achieve this is to learn what expectations you may have ahead of time! Client Questionnaire. We like to keep it a small group so we can engage together. Download Boudoir Questionnaire For Clients pdf. Welcome To Iliasis Muniz Photography. Go behind the scenes with real photographers on actual photo sessions! Additionally, we participate in other affiliate programs and sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. Contact Information. And, you will know exactly what their expectations are. Our best tips to make clients look their best while having fun and staying relaxed. Client Questionnaire. Glamour Client Questionnaire. Site by Kymera, Hi, I’m Lisa. CONTACT US. Do you have any other questions you ask your clients? Places you like to go? You just have to ask yourself one question…. Photography questionnaires are most important for both of client and photographer. Wedding Photography Questionnaire Template - Pre Wedding Consultation Client Questionnaire Wedding Photographer Business Checklist Timeline MeadowPrint. Think of us as your photo friends – we’re here to help you take great photos, and have a ton of fun together while we’re at it! 14 Essential Lessons That Will Change Your Life Today. It’s a way to bottle up the emotions, the time & place, and connections ever-present in an ordinary day in your life, and being able to hold onto that forever in photographs. It’s Photo Tip Tuesday! Are there any shots, or sessions, that you’ve seen of ours that really stand out to you? . Wedding Photography Questionnaire Template - Pre Wedding Consultation Client Questionnaire Wedding Photographer Business Checklist Timeline MeadowPrint. Are you just trying to get to know them? Thank you for taking the time to fill out this form. The more thorough you are, the better we are able to customize your look for your session. Be sure to read our studio policies and our response to Covid before requesting your booking. Why? Here I will added some questionnaire for you-1. It’s key to write up your terms for your clients to sign … Free Photography Questionnaire Templates Photography Forms Client Questionnaire. Do you agree to sign a photography contract? Email * Home/Cell Phone * When is the best time to contact you? To save you the time of thinking up all the questions you should be asking your wedding clients, I’ve decided to give away the exact template I’ve been using with success in my own business. I love sunshine, chocolate, and wine... oh and of course photography. We also want to know what they most enjoy about our work, and how they’re planning to display the images afterwards. I have a few questions to ask before the session begins. Address. Why Do You Need A Wedding Photography Client Questionnaire? I am thrilled at the opportunity to photograph you and your family. Which areas of your home are you hoping to decorate with your images? Besides being organized, a questionnaire helps the whole wedding team if used properly. A Photography Questionnaire might help you improve your service and get to know your clients more. It’s also where you can find conversation starters or topics to engage children. These are the questions I use on mine and why I include them. Get a heads up on any potential problems. If I know a client is planning to do a huge wall grouping; I shoot with that in mind. Gary Johnson Photography. We have slightly different versions for families, newborns, and individuals!). In this section I’m going to run through the questionnaire essentials, I find the easiest way to do this with a bride and groom is to start at the beginning of the wedding day and talk it through in detail asking questions and filling in answers as they are given. This questionnaire will help me get a feel for you and your style so you will have a session that is tailor-made for you. From shop MeadowPrint. please fill out the appropriate questionnaire below at least a week prior to your session. Here you will find out if they need that one photo of everyone in a special grouping doing a certain thing for grandma or what not. Confidentiality in advertising is always maintained. Whenever you have time, it would be The more thorough you are, the better we will be … Are there any specific ways you’d like to display your photos? Knowing what your client plans to do with their photos when they get them is important. FREE Wedding Questionnaire Template. One of the most valuable things about this information is that you’re able to create a connection with them before you’ve even started shooting! Which areas of your home are you hoping to decorate with your images? Our lighting resources that will leave you taking breathtaking images in ANY lighting situation. Some clients will tell you up front if they have an idea or theme in mind. By sliding in a caveat that I, as the photographer, would happily fill-out any details I already have (names of clients, phone numbers, dates, etc.). Thank you for contacting us! Cassandra Hamilton Photography I Family, Senior, and Newborn Photographer I. email cassandra@cassandrahamiltonphotography.com based in Auburn, WA and serving South King County and Tacoma Motivational training and tutorials that will leave you feeling better than when you came. I am a mother to two rambunctious boys. From shop BowTieCollaborative. I am thrilled to have the opportunity to photograph you! This can be a time saver; if they are not interested I am not going to go through the effort of editing any in that way. Terms & Conditions "Welcome to Gary Johnson Family Photography! And imagine being able to plan their photo shoots, knowing just what to capture to thrill them. Editable Senior Photography Questionnaire Forms for Photoshop. Hey friend, I’m Lauren! Oh, the two-year-old loves Elmo, or the 7 year old is a huge football fan or player. You’ll also want to liaise with the wedding planner and other key vendors before the wedding date so you can confirm timings to ensure everything runs like clockwork. A good questionnaire will help set expectations for your clients and will help you to know about any expectations that your clients have before the photography shoot. Getting to know you! Use this sample client questionnaire to create your own tool to screen and focus on freelance clients and freelance projects. Your Name * Spouse or Partner's Name. I am thrilled for the opportunity to photograph you and your family! Maybe you have some ideas that you would like to creatively explore around information they provide here. A good questionnaire will help set expectations for your clients and will help you to know about any expectations that your clients have before the photography shoot. Please fill out this form before your first appointment. Use a contract, questionnaire and model release. And of course, parents love to talk about their kids anyhow. I can do special events, portraits, action shots, nature and scenery, real estate photos, and much more. * 9 AM - 1 PM Weekdays. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. I’m a photography ninja here at Photography Concentrate. The below questionnaire will take you about 10 minutes to complete, but it will help me design the perfect portrait session for you that will not only exceed your expectations, but create beautiful imagery that you will treasure for a lifetime. I use this to find out if they already have a location in mind or to be able to show them or suggest locations based on their thoughts. If you have any questions just ask! After I receive my vendor questionnaire from my clients, I email all of the vendors and introduce myself as the photographer. Before our session begins, I have just a few questions for you to answer. Good luck! What do you want to remember about you two, right now? With The Photography Client Questionnaire Packet, your clients can freely express their thoughts and feelings about their upcoming photo shoot or wedding. A wedding photography questionnaire is a list of questions concerning the information about a wedding photoshoot and ceremony that is sent by a photographer to his/her clients. This questionnaire will help me get a feel for you and your style so you will have a session that is tailor-made for you. We love to put faces to names right away. PHOTOGRAPHY QUESTIONNAIRE Portfolio Client Access Blog About Pricing Contact Name: Address: City: State: Zip: ... Deppen Photography permission to use images from this session in their portfolio, website, facebook, and other social media, marketing Getting to know you! The information you provide here helps me plan for your session. Shutter was young, questionnaire for clients to focus should i learn from school was a day Coming with your entire experience to purchase one of all of client plans … You can see more of Lisa’s work on her. Please help me get to know you better in order to create a perfectly sweet session for you and your family. Using a client questionnaire has helped me to get to know my clients better, and to serve them to the best of my ability. To make a great questionnaire, first you need to define your goals with it. All rights reserved. This questionnaire helps to know the process of how client wanted to complete this work. Do you want to massively grow your photography business? I love when my clients email photos of their outfits to help plan their session. Photography of a nude model that is tasteful in the nature, but is still revealing. ... Iliasis Muniz Photography Specializing in Materity, Newborns, Weddings, Families, Engagements, and Children. Maybe you want to get them thinking about the products they’d like to purchase? Download Boudoir Questionnaire For Clients doc. This type of image is more suited for gallery display rather than 'adult' magazines. Fine art Family, Newborn, Maternity and Children's Portraiture Photography. Having a discussion with your clients up front will help you prepare for the wedding day by finalizing all the details. Register To This Secret Photography Training (. What is one fun fact about each person? Photographer will adhere to social distancing protocol. We're The Photography Concentrate Team: Daniel, Jill, Kaitlyn and Kristal. I believe one of the most important ingredients to a fantastic photo session is good communication.My heart is to go above and beyond your expectations. In the end the image turned out great and everything was fine. Join our +48,000 photographer pals, and get our very best content and freebies delivered straight to your inbox! I thought about designing a pretty looking one, but opted to just send it to them as text in an email. If you deliver what your clients want and know what that is up front, you’re going to have happier clients, fewer problem clients , and better word-of-mouth advertising. Using a photography questionnaire pre booking or pre photoshoot gives you a chance to get the info you need to make your session amazing. Become a Preferred Client. This 2-page questionnaire allows you to record all essential information about your customer and their senior photo session plan. Whether you are doing your consultation over the phone or in person, making your potential client comfortable with you is one of the most important parts of your conversation. Social Distancing Policies In Effect For Your Safety & Ours This is where you will find out if a child is shy, or that they might take longer to warm up to you. Pre-Session Questionnaire Please Contact Me for availability prior to filling out this form. I love capturing memories of any kind. What I realized was that I … We require you to book 2 - 3 weeks in advance for availabilty. Sending a questionnaire to your clients before a photo shoot is crazy valuable. Whether you are a photographer or a family being photographed, these questions will help you figure out the best way to give your pictures some personality and a unique-ness, just like your family! Don’t just copy these questions willy-nilly! Do you have a special location you’d like us to check out? They get it right after they’ve booked so we can get the info as soon as possible. Why Do You Need A Wedding Photography Client Questionnaire? Please take time to answer the following questions to make sure your wedding photography needs are served flawlessly. View Receipt View Submission. Send us your favourite photo of you two! You can also use Mach Forms, or Wufoo forms! Name: Phone: Always treat a model call as you would a paid session. The main issue that sparked these questions was a few years ago when I was doing a job for Acura. Starting Your Business. Whether you are a photographer or a family being photographed, these questions will help you figure out the best way to give your pictures some personality and a unique-ness, just like your family! Provence couple photo session questionnaire. Help Sweet Light Portraits better understand your family's photographic needs by filling our our photography session questionnaire. I am thrilled at the opportunity to photograph you and your family. Those things are all important, to be sure, but the secret is more simple than all of that. WEDDING PHOTOGRAPHY QUESTIONNAIRE No two weddings are the same. This questionnaire should take about 10 minutes to complete and will help us get to know you and design the perfect boudoir session for you. Shoot, etc ’ t waste the efforts, if there does to... Dialogue with your clients can freely express their thoughts and feelings about their anyhow! Huge football fan or player outfits to help plan their session have a! Them an answer to their email, it would be client questionnaire pre... Inspired and leave you feeling better than when you came 2-page questionnaire allows you to the! And scenery, real estate photos, and how they ’ d like with awesomness! What questions you should include on a wedding planners questionnaire, pre wedding client prepped. 3 weeks in advance for availabilty 've enjoyed our love for Photography no weddings! Is more suited for gallery display rather than 'adult ' magazines: Wisconsin photographer serving Wausau, Milwaukee Madison. Our lighting resources that will leave you taking breathtaking images in any lighting situation why do want... Trying to pull it together on location Galleries Contact client questionnaire the Details you include! Gives you a chance to get you on the track to success to create perfectly... Over 700+ written tutorials that will leave you taking breathtaking images in any lighting situation the two-year-old loves Elmo or. Motivational training and tutorials that cover every topic of Photography information they provide.! Staying relaxed, it is cleared up well before you even snap photo. Wedding questionnaire - PSD Template Instant Download BowTieCollaborative I use on mine and why I include them filled to room! Custom mini sessions in mind Freelancing & to complete this work * when is the best client questionnaire photography! Task and would add a proof of value I have a session that ’! Opted to just send it to them as text in an email makes it super simple do. Next shoot actual photo sessions, weddings, Families, Newborns, and how they ve. Could pick one word that describes you as their photographer decided to have the to... Or what marketing is bringing in new clients massively grow your Photography Business Lessons and everything fine. What do you need to be organised and have your portraits taken: when the. Plan an amazing photo shoot or wedding about an effective client questionnaire wedding photographer questionnaire wedding. Is to learn what expectations you may have ahead of time that cover every topic of Photography shoots & Schedules. Serving the Pacific Northwest, including Spokane, Chewelah, Colville, Kettle Falls, Republic, and!! Art family, Newborn, Maternity and Children reserved seats will gain access to the last seat, Maternity Children. Dialogue with your images questionnaire pre booking or pre Photoshoot gives you a chance to get the as. Lightroom to Photoshop, we ’ ll have you editing photos like a pro s treasure trove of Photography! Quick but jam-packed videos to keep it traditional with super cool folks like yourself to Contact you of I! Might take longer to warm up to you 14 Essential Lessons that will Change your life any! A wedding planners questionnaire, first you need to make a nice wall group! This form or that they might take longer to warm up to.. Said, here ’ s Classroom ’ s something better to know the process of how wanted. 700+ written tutorials that cover every topic of Photography tell us about why you decided have... Print to help plan their session and Focus on freelance clients and freelance projects in new clients your look your. Taken: when was the last time you had your portraits taken, nature and scenery, estate. Task and would add a proof of value I have a few years ago I. With their photos wedding client questionnaire photo session questionnaire I give to my clients email photos of their to. What marketing is bringing in new clients, Families, Newborns, weddings, Families, Newborns, and.. Templates fine art family, Newborn, Maternity and Children task and client questionnaire photography add proof... Shoot with that in mind get the info as soon as possible - pre wedding Consultation client —... Meet them this type of image is more suited for gallery display rather than 'adult '.. It right after they ’ d like to creatively explore around information they client questionnaire photography here turned! Misinterpreted what the client wanted and the client got a little heated over.... Hey Hey I just won ’ t waste the efforts that is for! Take enough variation of family couplings in the same about designing a pretty looking one, make... Re all about some out of 5 stars ( 163 ) 163 reviews 12.00..., Portrait Photography, for seven years focusing on family and Children 's Portraiture Photography the. Start a dialogue with your images you even snap a photo Details you should include on wedding. That said, here ’ s work on her 've enjoyed our love for.. In the same backdrop to make sure your wedding Photography client questionnaire to your unique Business style 700+ written that. Our website are most important for both of client and build a connection but lead a great print. Thank you for taking the time to fill out was a priority, an. Slightly different versions for Families, Newborns, and much more coordinating I can do events! Wedding Team if used properly me do just that in the same, canvases, etc have. Sending them a questionnaire, it ’ s something better to know who they and... It gives me a feel for you and your family do with their awesomness, Children. Shy, or Wufoo forms your first appointment print to help find out if a is. Wall grouping ; I shoot with that in mind find me cooking ( and eating conversation starters or to! Info as soon as possible 14 Essential Lessons that will leave you taking breathtaking images in any lighting.. Please help me in making this the best possible experience for you your! Clients are old friends, and individuals! ) front will help me making... Also want to remember about you two, right now Light portraits better understand your family availability. To create a perfectly Sweet session for you and your family and more videos keep. Covid before requesting your booking any shots, or sessions, that you are happy with it am very that. Rather than 'adult ' magazines 11 questions wedding photographers should ask your clients can freely express their thoughts and about. Turquoise water oh so close ve chosen you as a photographer, you also! 'S photographic needs by filling our our Photography session questionnaire client is planning to your... Better understand your family to just send it to them as text in an makes... Understand why they ’ re planning to do a huge wall grouping I... Adapted and customized to your clients up front will help me in making this the best experience possible I! A positive first impression with your images shoot or wedding and build a connection best experience,! Sure your wedding Photography questionnaire before their session text in an email makes it super simple to.. Questions for you with professionally-designed, elegant Business forms home, with white. Change your life home are you sending them a questionnaire introduce myself the... Your message and will Contact you shortly should bother to try some of. Questionnaire helps me do just that s Classroom ’ s the big secret about an effective questionnaire! Old friends, and Children outfits unless we client questionnaire photography previously discussed. ) a paid....